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御龙寻仙手游 www.rbghe.icu   雅思閱讀考試中遇到陌生詞匯,考生不知道什么意思,如果不知道該怎樣應對,會非常影響閱讀速度的。那么該怎樣應對雅思閱讀中的陌生詞匯呢?以下是絕提方法,供備考中的考生們參考,希望對考生們沖刺雅思閱讀有所幫助。

如何應對雅思閱讀中的陌生詞匯

  如何應對雅思閱讀中的陌生詞匯

  1.最基本的方法,說出來廣大雅思考生們可能會噓聲一片,那就是增加詞匯量,多背單詞。雖然你可能覺得這不是什么應對方法,但是專業教師告訴你,這是基礎,沒有一個好的詞匯基礎,再多的技巧都是徒勞的。增加詞匯量,除了每日固定背誦一些單詞以外,還應研讀商業期刊、報紙及與具體社會潮流相關的文章,因為雅思考試閱讀題中的文章多數與時事新聞和科學有關,所以關注這類的文章中的單詞,混個臉熟,很可能在考試中節省時間。

  2.應對雅思閱讀生詞的另外一招就是聯系上下文,這是非常關鍵的。雅思閱讀文章基本上專業性都非常的強,在實際操作中,不必掌握應用于特定文章中的詞匯。文章本身就會給出與不熟悉的詞匯相關的所有必要信息。例如,雅思出題者總愛在文章之一的題目中用一個難詞。以“biometrics”為例。說英語的人也不大可能知道這個詞,因為這個詞相對較新且不常用。但出題者并非只給出這個詞而不作解釋。在文章中就給出了“biometrics”的定義。我們得知它是一種:“little-know but fast-growing technology that involves the use of physical of biological characteristics to identify individuals.”這樣我們就知道了詞意。如果我們密切留意單詞的上下文,我們總是可以找得到這些生詞的定義?;瘓浠八?,通常一些極其生澀或特別新的詞語出現,考官并不是為了考察我們是否單詞記憶的多,記憶的廣,而是要考查我們聯系上下文理解事物的能力。一旦我們了解了這一點,看到生詞就再也不會緊張了。

  3.還有一種方法就是放下晦澀難懂的單詞,跳出糾結的思緒。當閱讀中出現不認識的單詞,從緊跟單詞前后的段落也推測不出來詞語的含義時,我們不要持續糾結在這個詞語中,這樣會影響我們后面閱讀的思緒。這個單詞很可能并不是什么重要的點,不理解它的意思,也不會影響你對篇章內容的理解,更不會影響答題的結果。當然,這個詞也許對答題起著關鍵的作用,但你遲遲徘徊在文章此處,更會影響了其他你會的題目的答題效果。跳出來,放下該詞,往下閱讀,說不定,讀到文章結尾,你豁然開朗,一下子理解了那個生詞的意義。

  雅思閱讀真題解析:Agriculture and tourism

  今天為備考中的考生們解析了雅思閱讀真題:Agriculture and tourism,這篇雅思閱讀材料的主要內容是討論了農業跟旅游之間的關系,文章以美國威斯康辛州州的西南部為例,論述了關于農業旅游業帶來的各種影響和應用。比如隨著農業旅游業的發展,大量外來游客進入當地地區,對當地的經濟產生了影響。以下是詳細內容,供大家參考。

  雅思閱讀真題材料的原文

  Agriculture and tourism —two of Wisconsin’s most important industries —are teaming up in southwestern Wisconsin. A pilot project has found that tourists, rural communities, and some farmers could benefit from stronger efforts to promote and market agricultural tourism there.

  In 1990, agricultural tourism project members surveyed 290 visitors to the annual Monroe Cheese Festival and 164 visitors to the Picnic on the Farm, a one-time event held in Platteville in conjunction with the Chicago Bears summer training camp. More than one-half of those surveyed responded favorably to a proposed tour, saying they would be interested in participating in some type of agricultural tour in southwestern Wisconsin.

  Survey respondents reported that they would prefer to visit cheese factories, sausage processing plants, dairy farms, and historical farm sites, as well as enjoy an old-fashioned picnic dinner. The study also found strong interest in visiting specialty farms (strawberries, cranberries, poultry, etc.).

  More than 75 percent of the Cheese Day visitors planned ahead for the trip, with 37 percent planning at least two months in advance. More than 40 percent of the visitors came to Monroe for two- or three-day visits. Many stopped at other communities on their way to Cheese Days.

  Visitors at both events indicated that they were there to enjoy themselves and were willing to spend money on food and arts and crafts. They also wanted the opportunity to experience the “country” while there.

  The study found that planning around existing events should take into account what brought visitors to the area and provide additional attractions that will appeal to them. For example, visitors to Cheese Days said they were on a holiday and appeared to be more open to various tour proposals. Picnic visitors came specifically to see the Chicago Bears practice. They showed less interest in a proposed agricultural tour than Cheese Day visitors, but more interest in a picnic dinner.

  The study identified three primary audiences for agricultural tourism: 1) elderly people who take bus tours to see the country; 2) families interested in tours that could be enjoyed by both parents and children; and 3) persons already involved in agriculture, including international visitors.

  Agricultural tourism can serve to educate urban tourists about the problems and challenges facing farmers, says Andy Lewis, Grant county community development agent. While agriculture is vital to Wisconsin, more and more urban folk are becoming isolated from the industry. In fact, Lewis notes, farmers are just as interested in the educational aspects of agricultural tours as they are in any financial returns.

  “Farmers feel that urban consumers are out of touch with farming,” Lewis says. “If tourists can be educated on issues that concern farmers, those visits could lead to policies more favorable to agriculture.”

  Animal rights and the environment are examples of two issues that concern both urban consumers and farmers. Farm tours could help consumers get the farmer’s perspective on these issues, Lewis notes.

  Several Wisconsin farms already offer some type of learning experience for tourists. However, most agricultural tourism enterprises currently market their businesses independently, leading to a lack of a concerted effort to promote agricultural tourism as an industry.

  Lewis is conducting the study with Jean Murphy, assistant community development agent. Other participants include UW-Platteville Agricultural Economist Bob Acton, the Center for Integrated Agricultural Systems, UW-Extension Recreation Resources Center, the Wisconsin Rural Development Center, and Hidden Valleys, a Southwestern Wisconsin regional tourism organization.

  This past fall, Murphy organized several workshops with some Green and Grant County farmers, local business leaders, and motor coach tour operators to discuss how best to organize and put on farm tours. Committees were formed to look at the following: tour site evaluations, inventory of the area’s resources, tour marketing, and familiarization of tours. The fourth committee is organizing tours for people such as tour bus guides and local reporters to help better educate them about agricultural tourism.

  Green County farmers already have experience hosting visitors during the annual Monroe Cheese Days. Green county Tourism Director Larry Lindgren says these farmers are set to go ahead with more formal agricultural tours next year. The tours will combine a farm visit with a visit to a local cheese factory and a picnic lunch.

  Another farm interested in hosting an organized tour is Sinsinawa, a 200-acre Grant County farm devoted to sustainable agriculture and run by the Dominican Sisters. Education plays a major role at the farm, which has an orchard, dairy and beef cows, and hogs.

  Farm tours could be combined with other activities in the area such as trips to the Mississippi River and/or visits to historical towns or landmarks, Lewis says. The project will help expose farmers to the tourism industry and farm vacations as a way to possibly supplement incomes, he adds. While farm families probably wouldn’t make a lot of money through farm tours, they would be compensated for their time, says Lewis.

  Farmers could earn additional income through the sale of farm products, crafts, and recreational activities.

  Below are results from the 1990 survey of Monroe Cheese Days and Picnic on the Farm visitors. The first table shows the degree of interest in a proposed agricultural tour. The second table shows how the visitors would rank various activities in the proposed tour.

  以上就是關于人們對于農業和旅游業之間關系的雅思閱讀真題的內容,非常詳細的介紹了相關的話題,大家可以在備考雅思閱讀考試和雅思小作文的時候,對這篇文章進行適當的參考和閱讀。

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